how to learn coding for beginners

Coding is one of the best selling skills people learn now, but before talking on that we need to discuss what it is. But what is coding exactly? We can develop computer software, apps, and websites thanks to coding. Code was used to create your browser, your operating system, the apps on your phone, Facebook, and this website.

Here is a short piece of Python code to demonstrate how it is done:

print 'Hello, world!'

Many coding tutorials use that command as their very first example, because it’s one of the simplest examples of code you can have – it ‘prints’ (displays) the text ‘Hello, world!’ onto the screen.

Coding 101

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You’ve come to the right place if you know nothing about coding. Before you begin learning to code for real, we’ve put up a beginner’s lesson that will teach you all the background knowledge you need.

It begins by outlining the advantages of learning to code. Find out what you can do once you understand how to deal with code here. Following that, you’ll have a greater comprehension of how coding operates and how the code you write is transformed into an instruction that a machine can “understand.” That’s great to know!

A description of the current coding languages follows that. Each language, after all, has a particular function; some are designed for the web, while others are used to make apps or desktop programs. You’ll receive a thorough analysis of the topic after discovering why learning to code through web development is a good option. The building of apps and websites will also be covered.

Benefits of Learning Coding

There are several benefits of coding.

  • As you learn to code, you first build an analytical thought process. Giving instructions to the computer encourages us to become accustomed to approaching any procedure or issue step by step. It becomes simpler for us to tackle real-world problems by better assessing them when we learn to break a process down into little phases.
  • Additionally, learning to code can help you get well-paying professions. The most in-demand careers today are in programming, and if you can learn to write effectively in at least one computer language, you can easily well.
  • Continuous learning is an additional advantage of coding. To create software, programmers must learn something new every day. The field of computer science is a recent one. As a result, numerous programming languages, tools, and approaches are introduced every year. You must acquire the new programming languages and technologies in order to compete in the job market. Continuous learning thus becomes a habit for you.

How does coding work

The detailed response is provided below. A computer can only understand two types of data: on and off. A computer is actually nothing more than a collection of on/off switches (transistors). A particular combination of some transistors being on and some transistors being off is the only thing a computer is capable of.

These pairings are denoted in binary code as 1s and 0s, where each digit corresponds to a transistor. Binary code is organized into bytes, which are collections of eight digits that each represent eight transistors. as in 11101001, as an example. Modern computers include millions or even billions of transistors, creating an unfathomably large number of potential combinations.

However, this raises a challenge. It would take superhuman intelligence to be able to type out billions of 1s and 0s in a computer program, and even then, it would probably take you a lifetime or two to complete.

Programming languages come into play here.

Programming Languages

We are able to develop computer software, apps, and websites thanks to the tens of thousands of various programming languages. They let us to create code that is (relatively) simple to write, read, and comprehend in place of binary code. Each language has a unique program that handles converting our writing to binary code.

The demand for programmers grows as technology becomes more and more accessible. Although learning to code takes practice, everyone must start somewhere. No matter what sector you’re interested in, there are several languages that are ideal for beginners (such as JavaScript, etc.). Start with HTML or CSS before learning JavaScript, as it is extremely complex.


A program is nothing more than a text file that has been coded in a certain language. The source code is the text that makes up a program file. Every programming language has a unique file extension that can be used to distinguish code written in that language. Like Python’s, which ends in “.py.”

You write the program’s code in a plain text editor like Notepad and save the file to your computer to create the program. I’m done now. For instance, the following line of code may represent the body of the incredibly brief Python program:

print 'Hello, world!'

How do you run a program and actually get it to perform its commands? That varies between coding languages. Some languages save a separate binary file that the computer can directly run, while other languages have their programs run indirectly by certain software.

For example, a JavaScript program file would get run by a web browser like Chrome.

In the case of our file, the Python language comes with a command line which will display the output of the program – the text ‘Hello, world!’. If you were to enter the code into the command line and press enter, the program gets run and the command will get executed.

Step 1: Work Out Why You Want To Learn How To Code

Now, the first thing you need to do is ask yourself why you want to learn to code before you even consider enrolling in courses or starting to watch YouTube videos about it.

Think carefully about what you want to gain from it, why you want to learn how to code, and how much time and money you can devote to it.


  • What kind of skills you hope to have. Would you like to develop websites? Maybe you’d rather be able to create mobile applications or work in software engineering? This is something you should carefully consider because it will mostly determine whatever languages you study.
  • Why do you want to become a programmer? Is learning to code just something you want to do in your free time because it fascinates you? Alternatively, do you intend to pursue a profession in programming in the future?
  • What is the amount of time and money you can commit. There certainly isn’t much point in enrolling in an intense course if you only have a few hours each week to dedicate to learning how to code. Similar to that, you must be willing to pay if you want to enroll in an intense course with support.
  • Your coding objectives should be in writing. These will very soon serve as the cornerstone of your progression from beginner to master coder.

Step 2: Choose The Right Languages

Different types of programming require different skills. For example, if you want to learn how to code a website, you should learn languages like HTMLCSSJava, and JavaScript. Likewise, mobile app development requires Java (for Android) or Swift (for iOS). Choosing the right language is extremely important, which is why we have outlined some of the most popular among beginners below:


Java is arguably the king of programming languages in the modern world. It is prevalent, versatile, and it is used for things like Android app creation and back-end web development.

A very functional language for beginning programmers is ava. There is a lot of work for beginning Java programmers, and it is rather easy to learn and reads like English.

I would advise doing the Java Nanodegree course offered by Udacity if you want to learn Java as one of your first programming languages.


In contrast to Java, which is the dominant programming language, Python is in charge. It also has a variety of applications and is extremely versatile. Python is widely used by academics and researchers to create apps for data analysis that support their studies.

It also contributed to the creation of cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning.

It is easy to learn and is the language that is most frequently taught in schools. Because of this, it’s perfect for anyone looking for introductory programming instructions.

Learning Python can be easy if you put your mind to it. Start with a course like the Introduction to Python course or the Interactive Python tutorial. Both of these courses will give you an excellent introduction to the language and its functionality, allowing you to progress to more advanced studies at a later date.


You must study HTML if you want to work in front-end web development. HTML (or Hypertext Markup Language), which is one of the easiest languages to learn and is used to mark up text so that computers can comprehend it, is where many people begin when learning how to code for beginners.

HTML is a pretty simple language, and the easiest approach to learn it is probably to become familiar with its key elements by using things like the Introduction to HTML course and then to get out there and practice how to write a code for beginners.


For styling and formatting material on webpages, CSS is nearly always used in conjunction with HTML. It gives you the ability to alter the appearance of items on a webpage, including their size, color, and placement on the page.

CSS is crucial if you want to work as a front-end web developer, just like HTML. I believe it’s a good idea to study HTML and CSS simultaneously using a resource like the HTML and CSS course.


Like Java and Python, javaScript is a very popular language that is also fairly flexible.

Although JavaScript has traditionally been used for front-end web development and the production of interactive features, it is increasingly being used for other tasks, such as back-end web development.

We advise studying JavaScript if you want to design websites effectively on the front end or back end. Take a course like this to learn the fundamentals.

Step 3: Pick The Right Resources To Help You Learn Coding

Now that we’ve looked at some of the most popular languages to help you discover how to code for beginners, it’s time to look at the best ways to learn them.

Some of these include:

Online coding courses: Online coding courses are one of the best ways to get a feel for a new programming language.

They can help you learn some of a language’s fundamental syntaxes and how to use them. They are frequently taught in an entertaining, interactive way, and a lot of them let you create code right in your browser as you learn.

By the way, if it so happens that you find a course but you currently can’t afford it, be sure to apply for scholarships for online courses. The whole process for applying is described here.

Textbooks: Every beginner should use code reference books as they are an excellent resource. They include every language’s syntax and rules, making it possible to look things up when you’re unsure of what to do or how to proceed with your code.

YouTube videos: Online videos and video tutorials are great resources that can help you get your head around complex concepts. You should use them alongside an online course or another method of learning how to code for beginners.

Step 4: Download A Code Editor/Website

Although a lot of online courses let you write code in a code editor directly in your browser, you need to realize that this isn’t how it works in the real world. Once you graduate from your online course, you will need to start writing your code directly into a code editor, so it’s a good idea to start practicing doing this now.

Most programming languages have their code editors that you can download. They usually come complete with interactive development environments (IDEs) that will help you build clear, error-free code. Simple languages like HTML and CSS can be written straight into a simple text document if you find that easier. Example of Code editors sites are:

1. CodeGym: Online Java programming course
that is 80% based on practice. CodeGym Java course is divided into 40 levels that includes 1,200 hands-on tasks of increasing complexity.

2. Basics of JavaScript programming , Python, Hopscotch etc.

3. Thenewboston: Video tutorials for HTML5, CSS, JavaScript, Java, Python, PHP, App Development, Android Development, C Programming.

4. Codecademy: HTML & CSS, JavaScript, jQuery, PHP, Python, SQL, Ruby, Rails and AngularJS

Step 5: Practice Writing Your Programs

You should go on once you have a fundamental understanding of how to code in a certain language. One of the finest methods to advance your education and strengthen your command of a programming language is to analyze other people’s code.

Open a program or piece of code that you’ve found in your code editor. GitHub is a great place to begin. As you progress through the code, be sure to understand what each line’s purpose is. If required, you can add remarks.

Remember, practice makes perfect, and practice is the key to becoming a successful programmer.

Step 6: Hack the Code of Someone Else

It’s time to go further once you have a basic understanding of how to code in a certain language. Unpacking someone else’s code is one of the best ways to continue learning and to solidify your understanding of a programming language.

Open a program or code file you’ve located in your code editor. A fantastic place to start is GitHub.

Work your way through the code, making sure you comprehend each line’s purpose as you go. You may add comments if necessary.

If you see something which you think could be done in a more efficient way or which you think you can improve, change it.

Once you have finished, save your edited code and re-upload it so that other people can critique your effort.

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